Exodus 12:1-14; 13:3-10 Reading the Passage

Remember Calvary – Exodus 12:1-14; 13:3-10

Exodus 12:1-14

12 Jehovah spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, (2) This month is to be for you the first month, it shall be the first month of the year for you. (3) Speak to the whole congregation of Israel and tell them, On the tenth day of this month every man is to take a lamb* for his family, one for each household. (4) If a household is too small for a whole lamb, then he and his neighbor who lives next to him are to share one lamb, taking into account the number of persons in the two households. You are to divide the lamb according to what each person can eat. (5) Your animal must be a year-old male without defect; you may choose it from the sheep or the goats. (6) You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to slaughter their animals at twilight. (7) They are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and top of the door frames of the houses in which they will eat the lambs. (8) That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire; they are to eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. (9) Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire—roast its head and its legs together with its entrails. (10) You must not let any of it remain until the morning; but if some is left until the morning, you must burn it in the fire. (11) This is how you are to eat it: With your cloak tucked into your belt, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You must eat it in haste—it is Jehovah’s Passover—(12) because I will go through the land of Egypt in that night and strike down every first born—both man and beast—and I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt. I am Jehovah. (13) The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are residing; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague shall come upon you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. (14) You are to commemorate this day; you are to celebrate it as a festival to Jehovah. By a divine ordinance, you are to celebrate this day as a festival to Jehovah throughout your generations.

*The Hebrew word can mean either “lamb” or “kid”

Exodus 13:3-10

13 (3) Moses said to the people, Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, because Jehovah brought you out of this place by the strength of his hand. In commemorating this day, no leavened bread shall be eaten. (4) Today, in the month Abib, you go forth. (5) When Jehovah brings you into the land of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Hivite and the Jebusite—the land he swore to your forefathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey—you are to observe this rite in this month: (6) For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day a festival shall be held for Jehovah. (7) Throughout the seven days only unleavened bread shall be eaten; no leavened bread must even be seen among you, neither may any leaven be seen among you anywhere within your borders. (8) On that day you shall tell your son, I do this because of what Jehovah did for me when I came out of Egypt. (9) This rite will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that the law of Jehovah must be on your lips; for with a mighty hand Jehovah brought you out of Egypt. (10) Therefore, you shall observe this rite at the appointed time from year to year.

Now proceed to the next section of this study, entitled, Exploring the Passage.